Female education is as necessary and important as male education, and every child, male or female, has the right not only to learn but also to receive a quality education. Despite the fact that female education has always been fought against, some countries continue to see attacks on female education and threats to close schools. However, in this article, you will learn why female education is necessary all over the world.
Top Reasons why female education is necessary
1. Economic expansion
Female education increases productivity and contributes significantly to economic growth. However, women do not outnumber men in the labor force globally. If given the opportunity to work, they will bring economic benefits to their country. An educated woman has a better chance of landing a good job with higher pay, which can lead to economic growth while also addressing the gender imbalance in the labor force.
According to the International Labor Organization, female education is one of the most important ways of breaking poverty cycles, and it also has a significant impact on access to formal jobs in the long run. Finally, female education has a significant impact on their wages.
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2. Female health education can help save their child’s life
Because of their knowledge of health education, a child born to an educated mother is 70% more likely to survive past the age of five. Female education has saved the lives of millions of children over the last five years because of their knowledge about nutrition, sanitation, and immunization for their children, which most men, despite being educated, may not be interested in.
Female education has helped produce mothers who are literate enough to carry out the necessary medical requirements for their children, leading to preventive diseases sucking millions of children’s lives.
3. Female education has resulted in smaller, more stable families.
One of the major benefits of educating the female child is that they have fewer pregnancies and are less likely to become pregnant as teenagers because, when compared to other countries, the birth rates among females with secondary education are found to be lower to a large extent when compared to those without secondary education.
Female education exposes them to the possibility of avoiding potentially fatal diseases such as HIV/AIDS and Malaria.
According to research, the massive reduction in female population living with HIV/AIDS infection in Zimbabwe from 1997 to 2007 was found to be the high levels of females completing secondary education, which further created an avenue for making awareness campaigns, which to a large extent helps in reducing infection by more effective partners.
With their knowledge of some techniques, such as the use of bed nets to prevent malaria, they have a better chance of not becoming infected quickly, and when they have children of their own, they can provide the same solution.
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4. Female education prevents girls from marrying as children.
Female education exposes them to a plethora of opportunities that are within their grasp, and some eventually achieve their personal goals and dreams, which will undoubtedly lead them to a more prosperous and healthier life, thereby reducing the population of girls who are involved in early marriages.
5. Education for women prepares them for natural disasters and climate change.
Female knowledge of natural disasters and climate change helps families prepare for coping with changes that come with them, which helps minimize injury and death that would have been involved if they had no knowledge about such cases, resulting in increased family resilience from the afflictions of extreme weather and natural disasters.
According to a World Bank study of developing countries from 1960 to 2003, countries with high levels of female schooling were less likely to suffer high rates of injury, displacement due to weather disasters, and death.
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6. It provides them with more control over their lives.
Females who are educated grow into women who have so much to offer society by taking control of their lives with such esteem for their personal worth and abilities, which reduces the chances of being subjected to domestic violence, and their opinion will be welcomed in decision making in households and some important events.
7. Female education gives them the opportunity to become leaders.
Education reveals the secret of becoming a leader; female education impacts the skills required to take on the role of leadership, whether at the local or international levels, which may allow for better leadership; educated women also stand a chance of joining some organizations that are closed to those without education, whether voluntarily or elected.
Given this opportunity, they will be able to participate in making decisions that will affect not only their own lives but also the lives of their communities.
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Despite the efforts of many countries to ensure that policies are put in place to ensure that every girl child receives the education that she deserves, there are still barriers to female education that are frequently overlooked by some countries and must be considered, most notably poverty and child labor.
This has prevented girls from receiving the education they desire, particularly girls from poor and rural households, forcing them to seek alternative means of support, such as working as young as five years old, primarily in agriculture, limiting their access to education because they are not given the time to enroll in schools.
Finally, child marriage has significantly disrupted and ended some female educations. However, with the right policies and education, this can most likely be avoided. Given the benefits of female education mentioned above, it is a huge benefit to both families and countries.